English Grammar

From John's wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Reading English Grammar from the The Farlex Grammar Book.

Parts of Speech


In a sentence a noun can function as:

  • the subject (the person/thing doing/performing/controlling the action of the verb)
  • the object
    • direct object of a verb (what receives the action of the verb)
    • indirect object of a verb (what receives the direct object of the verb)
    • object of a preposition (use prepositions before nouns to create prepositional phrases)

Common and Proper Nouns

Nouns of Address

Concrete and Abstract Nouns

Countable Nouns

Uncountable Nouns

Collective Nouns

Compound Nouns

Nominalization (Creating Nouns)


Personal Pronouns

Person Number Gender Subjective Case Objective Case Possessive Determiner Possessive Pronoun Reflexive Pronoun
First Person Singular Masculine/feminine I Me My Mine Myself
First Person Plural Masculine/feminine We Us Our Ours Ourselves
Second Person Singular/Plural Masculine/feminine You You Your Yours Yourself (Yourselves if plural)
Third Person Singular Feminine She Her Her Hers Herself
Third Person Singular Masculine He Him His His Himself
Third Person Singular Neuter It It Its Its (own) Itself
Third Person Plural* Neuter (Gender Neutral) They Them Their Theirs Themselves

Intensive Pronouns

Indefinite Pronouns

People vs. Things Singular Plural Singular or Plural
Either People or Things
  • another
  • one (quantifier)
  • each
  • either
  • other
  • both
  • few
  • fewer
  • many
  • others
  • several
  • all
  • any
  • more
  • most
  • neither
  • none
  • plenty
  • some
People only
  • anybody/anyone
  • everybody/everyone
  • one ("impersonal" pronoun)
  • nobody/no one/no-one
  • somebody/someone
  • whoever/whosoever
  • whomever/whomsoever
  • you (see usage note)
  • they (see usage note)
Things only
  • anything
  • enough
  • everything
  • less
  • little
  • much
  • nothing
  • something
  • such
  • this
  • whatever
  • whichever
  • such

Demonstrative Pronouns

Interrogative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns

Reciprocal Pronouns

Dummy Pronouns